China announced plans to send people to Mars


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China announced plans to send people to Mars

Red planet, watch out. China has officially joined Ilon Mask, Jeff Bezos and NASA. It is possible that the statement by the Chinese space agency about plans to send a man to Mars is caused by the desire of the Celestial Empire to create a base on the moon. The moon, from the point of view of many experts, looks like a kind of springboard for long-distance space flights. Moreover, the development of the satellite of our planet will confirm China in the status of a space power.

The red planet has been haunting people for many years

China is preparing for manned lunar missions, including the creation of a manned scientific outpost. This was reported by the leading national space contractor China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. Representatives of the company said that the ultimate goal of China's lunar expeditions is to lay the scientific and technical foundations of manned flights to Mars. China's next step will be a manned exploration of the moon. The country intends to create bases on the Moon for scientific research, expanding the habitat of mankind and gaining experience and knowledge for expeditions into deep space beyond the limits of the Moon. The long-term goal is to send people to Mars.

This is the first time in history that China publicly unveiled a plan for manned flights to the Red Planet. Pan Zhihao, a space technology researcher in Beijing, told China Daily that it’s very important for humanity to reach Mars, adding that some Chinese scientists intend to implement a manned mission to Mars by 2050. According to researchers, sending astronauts to Mars will provide a person with more opportunities to search for traces of life on the Red Planet. In our solar system, Mars is most similar to Earth, therefore, the study of the possibility of life there will allow a better understanding of the origin and evolution of life on our home planet.

An unusually fast rocket will be required to fly to Mars

I note that some scientists believe that billions of years ago, Mars was very similar to the Earth in terms of the environment. Not so long ago, evidence was found of the existence of an ancient oasis on the Red Planet, so manned missions will allow for extensive research. It is possible that the results of the research will be able to predict the future of the Earth. Indeed, if existing unmanned missions find traces of water on Mars, then astronauts should be sent there and even set up outposts to study the possibility of large-scale interplanetary immigration in the event of catastrophic unforeseen circumstances on Earth, such as a collision with an asteroid. And, possibly, in the case of problems caused by climate change. I cannot but note that the plans of China at the moment look quite realistic – at least there is no question of any colonization of Mars, which by the way is under a big question. At least for now.

Will people be able to live on Mars?

As American engineer and TV presenter Bill Nye once said, there is nothing to breathe on Mars. And this is the smallest of the problems that future colonists will face. Scientists and engineers have to overcome many difficulties in order to send a manned mission to Mars. Firstly, Mars is very far from Earth – the closest distance is 55 million kilometers. This means that a round trip will take more than 500 days. Secondly, launching a manned rocket along the Earth-Mars trajectory will require that the rocket could fly at a very high speed. In addition, do not forget about cosmic radiation. Recent studies have found that radiation negatively affects the brain, and in the case of a prolonged stay in space, even in a state of suspended animation, the first colonizers of Mars risk landing not as smart as before.

Today it is not known whether we will be able to colonize Mars

Other factors that should be taken into account include communication failures between the spacecraft associated with Mars and the Earth, the health of energy sources to support operations on Mars, and the health risks of astronauts caused by prolonged stays on another planet. A decrease in bone mineral density, cosmic radiation and the state of mental health of astronauts will pose a threat to the entire mission. Scientists need to develop a reliable bioregenerative life support system. And yet, today we must admit that existing technologies are not good enough for a manned mission to Mars.

But before drawing conclusions, let's wait for the results of the joint work of NASA and SpaceX. In the end, the best solution to the problems associated with the manned mission to the Red Planet will be the decision of scientists from all over the world to unite for the common goal, and not for the interests of individual states and their interchangeable ones, or, as in the case of China, permanent leaders.

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