The Japanese-made probe “Hayabusa-2” successfully performed an operation to create an artificial crater on the surface of the asteroid Ryugu under study. Information was provided directly by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
In order to obtain an artificial crater, the Hayabusa-2 sent a special block to Ryug, which exploded when the distance was reduced to the maximum. As a result of the explosion, a metal shell weighing two kilograms crashed into the surface of a celestial body at high speed. Nearby was a pre-dumped camera, which received images of the crater formed.
In May, it is planned to carry out the second phase of the mission, under which the probe will sink directly into this crater. Scientists say that there may be able to detect rocks in the form in which they were born during the formation of our star system.
The Japanese probe went to the near-Earth asteroid Ryugu in December 2014. In February 2019, the Hayabusa-2 first landed on its surface with the task of taking samples of stony ground, which went without problems. Later, the probe fired a metal bullet into the asteroid, as a result of which particles of rocks were picked up, which were quickly assembled with a special vacuum cleaner. Everything collected is stored in an airtight container.
After analyzing the first results of Ryugu's research with the help of a spectrograph, the scientists came to the conclusion that Hayabusa-2 could find there a large amount of minerals that contain oxygen and hydrogen atoms combined into a single group, and they can take the form of water under certain circumstances. . But this hypothesis has yet to be tested.
If everything goes according to plan, then in December of this year, Hayabusa-2 will begin to move back to Earth, and arrival is expected in December of next year.
. (tagsToTranslate) Hayabusa-2 (t) Asteroid Ryugu (t) Crater