The American Christina Cook, currently on board the ISS, will have to spend almost a year in orbit, which will be an absolute record among women. A source in the rocket and space industry, familiar with the situation, told reporters about this.
Last month, NASA reported that astronaut Christina Cook would stay at the station longer than her colleagues — Roscosmos employee Alexei Ovchinin and compatriot Nick Haig, who will fly home on the Soyuz MS-12 transport ship on October 3 this year.
The interlocutor of the RIA Novosti news agency explained that NASA asked the Roscosmos state corporation to launch the launch of the Soyuz MS-13 spacecraft to the ISS from July 6 to 20, and return to Earth from December 18 to February 6. In this regard, Christina Cook will stay in space for 329 days. And she will fly home with Alexander Skvortsov from the Russian Federation and Luca Parmitano from Italy.
But so far the record for the duration of the space flight among women belongs to another American woman, Peggy Whitson, who lasted 289 days.
The first who stayed in space for a year, were representatives of the USSR Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov. Then they carried an orbital watch on board the Soviet-Russian research station "Mir" in 1987-1988. Six years later, Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov spent 438 days in space, and this record still holds.
If we take only the history of the ISS, which began work in 1998, the Russian Mikhail Kornienko and the representative of the United States of America Scott Kelly were the longest – 340 days. It was in 2015-2016.