Today, April 12, in the Russian Federation celebrate Cosmonautics Day, which was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 9, 1962 in honor of the first ever manned flight into space, and this man became a cosmonaut, Colonel of the USSR Air Force, Hero of the Soviet Union Yuri Gagarin.
On April 12, 1961, at 09:07 Moscow time, the spacecraft Vostok-1 with Gagarin on board launched from the site of the Baikonur cosmodrome. While in orbit, the astronaut regularly informed about his feelings, the condition of the aircraft and the enchanting views of his home planet, which he discovered then. The ship made one turn around the Earth and completed the flight. The lander with Gagarin landed in the Saratov region, near Engels. So Yuri Alekseevich became in his 27 years not only a national hero, but also a world hero.
The achievement of the USSR opened the way for other space missions. After that, very soon people landed on the moon, sent automatic stations to various planets of the solar system, first launched the international station Mir and then the ISS.
Gagarin was the first, and over the next 57 years, more than 550 people from nearly 40 countries of the world have been in space.
The initiator of the establishment of the Day of Astronautics was another well-known cosmonaut German Titov. The government of the Soviet Union agreed to the proposal, and already on April 9, 1962 a decree was signed that April 12 will now be Cosmonautics Day. On April 7, 2011, the UN General Assembly also made April 12 the International Day of Human Space Flight.
Today, in many countries of the world, an action-event “St. George's Night” is held, which is called just in memory of the great cosmonaut. Its main goal is to arouse public interest in space issues, to inspire young people to important discoveries that will change the world. Last year, for example, within the framework of the “St. George's Night” around the globe, 180 events took place, in which more than 20 thousand people took part.